Sexual education in Children - Understanding the process of education to change attitudes and code of conduct of a person or group of people in a mature business man through teaching and training efforts (Dictionary of Indonesian, 2001).
Sex in general is something that is related to the genitals or matters relating to the case intimate relationship between men with women. (Understanding Sexual education)
Sexual education according to Sarlito is an information regarding human sexuality issues clearly and completely covers the process of conception, gestation until birth, sexual behavior sepatutunya given with regard to the norms prevailing in society (Sarlito W. Sarwono, 2001).
Sexual education goals
Sexual education in addition to explain about these aspects also explain the anatomical and biological aspects of psychological and moral. Proper sex education must include elements of human rights. Description of the targets of sexual education in the details as follows: provide an understanding sufficient regarding changes in the physical, mental and the emotional maturity related to sexual problems in adolescents, reduce fear and anxiety in connection with the development and sexual adjustment (roles, tututan and responsibility), shaping attitudes and provide understanding of sex in all manifestations are varied, provide an understanding of the needs of moral values that are essential to provide a rational basis in making decisions related to sexual behavior, provide knowledge about the mistake and sexual deviance so that individuals can keep themselves and against exploitation can impair physical and mental health, to reduce prostitution, fear of sexual irrational and exploration of sexual excess and provide understanding and condition that can make individuals engaging in sexual activity effectively and creatively in a variety of roles, such as husband and wife / husband, parents, community members. (Sexual Education In Children)
So the purpose of sexual education is to create a healthy emotional attitude toward sexual problems and guiding children and adolescents towards healthy adult life and is responsible for the sex life. This is so that they do not think sex is a disgusting and dirty but rather as an innate human (Singgih D. Gunarso, 2002).
Some important things to provide sexual education of children
How to deliver must be reasonable and simple, do not look doubtful / shame. Fill descriptions submitted must be objective, but do not explain a no-no, as if aiming to profess child will not ask again. Superficial / profound content of description must be tailored to the needs and stages of child development. Sexual education should be given in private, because the narrowness extensive knowledge quickly slow stages of development are not the same for every child. Ultimately note that try to implement sex education needs to be repeated (repetitive) but it is also necessary to know how much something new understanding can be absorbed by children, also need to remind and reinforce (reinforcement) (Singgih D. Gunarso, 2002). Avoid teaching style like in school. The talks should not be limited to the biological facts, but also about values, emotions and spirit. Do not worry you've answered too many to question the child. They would always ask about what they do not understand. Children pre-school age also need to know how to protect against fraud and sexual violence committed by an adult. This means that parents should tell the child that saying "no" to an adult is not something that is forbidden.
Do not wait until the child reaches the teenage years to talk about puberty. They should already know the changes that occurred in the past (Singgih D. Gunarso, 2002).
Views on Sex Education
View of the pros and cons of sex education depends on how we define sex education itself. If sex education is defined as the provision of information about the ins and outs of the anatomy and the physiology of human reproduction and prevention techniques (contraception) then the resulting anxiety.
Sexual education in Children
But when sex education was viewed as education in general which contains the transfer values of educators to subject students then, information about sex given a contextual namely in relation to the norms prevailing in society as well as various relationships relationships and roles (Kohler 2008).